Autumn arrives and with the cold the first colds and the dreaded bronchiolitis..
What is bronchiolitis?
Bronchiolitis is the acute inflammation of the lower airways, bronchioles, filling with mucus making it difficult for air to pass into the lungs and for the child to breathe.
- Frequently affects infants more.
- It can be a mild illness, although in some cases it is complicated and the child may even have to be hospitalized.
- It lasts between 7 and 10 days. But it is between the second and third day when a worsening can occur.
What causes it?
It is caused by a viral infection; the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main culprit.
How to identify it?
The first symptoms are like those of the common cold:
- Nasal congestion.
- Moquoty nose.
- Mild cough.
- Low fever.
Little by little they get worse and present:
- Quick, superficial breathing.
- Accelerated heart rate.
- Sinking of the neck and chest with each breath.
- Cyanosis (blue color of the mucous membranes) may appear.
How can we avoid contagion?
First of all, knowing that the transmission mechanism is through saliva or mucus, it is not necessary to come into direct contact with them, but that these fluids can be disseminated through coughing, laughing, hands or a toy that they have previously manipulated.
I leave you a series of recommendations to try to prevent or to diminish to the maximum the possible contagion.
- It would be ideal if the baby is very small, to avoid the nurseries.
Try not to cough near him (at least 1 meter).
- Avoid contact with people with colds.
- Avoid kissing children or their hands.
- Use disposable tissues.
- No smoking.
- Avoid crowded and unventilated places, shopping malls.
- Go to the pediatrician or nurse at not very saturated hours.
Don’t forget that the most effective way to avoid it is to wash your hands with soap and water before touching your baby or objects.